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Clarke Nicklin Financial Planning

'protecting your wealth and helping your investments grow'

Month

October 2016

Parents putting financial health at risk to fund university costs

When it comes to funding a university education, it is parents and grandparents that typically look to provide the money. But even though this may be the case, last year’s graduates from English universities still left with an average of £44,000 debt (source: Sutton Trust), with some parents still, on average, expecting their children to leave university with £23,000 debt.

Students are closer to the mark, predicting an average debt of £35,000. Students expect, on average, to take 17 years to pay off their debt once graduated; research from the Sutton Trust suggests three in four graduates will be paying off student debts into their 50s.

Parents overestimate amount needed for regular saving in stock market

Most parents look to cash savings to fund their children’s university costs, and there is a perception that quite large sums of money are required to invest in the stock market. Parents estimated, on average, that the minimum amount required to invest monthly in an investment saving scheme was £81.51 per month, when in fact the minimum amount required to invest in a children’s investment company savings scheme is much less, namely £25.

The research suggests that many parents massively underestimate the amount of student debt their children will graduate with. Parents are willing to make huge financial sacrifices to help their children through university, and many grandparents are sharing the financial burden.

Bank of Grandma and Granddad

A fifth of grandparents are contributing or planning to contribute to children’s university costs, to the tune of £2,402 on average per year. A quarter are already contributing financially to everyday family expenses.

An education or a first home?

Interestingly, one third of students said that they had a savings and investment scheme which their families had ‘earmarked’ for their future. Half of these wanted the money to go towards their first property, 44% wanted to spend it on university costs and a free spirited 16% wanted to spend the money on travelling.

Want to assess the options available to you?

Current university students may face leaving with massive debts as well as a degree, but parents can act now to ease the financial burden. Don’t to be afraid to seek professional advice.

The research was conducted by Opinium from 8–16 June 2016 amongst 1,006 UK parents with children aged 13–18 that are planning to go to, or are already at, university, and 1,014 UK full-time students planning on going or currently at university.

INFORMATION IS BASED ON OUR CURRENT UNDERSTANDING OF TAXATION LEGISLATION AND REGULATIONS. ANY LEVELS AND BASES OF, AND RELIEFS FROM, TAXATION ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE.

THE VALUE OF INVESTMENTS AND INCOME FROM THEM MAY GO DOWN. YOU MAY NOT GET BACK THE ORIGINAL AMOUNT INVESTED.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT A RELIABLE INDICATOR OF FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

Pensioners financially ‘reliant on others’

New research outlines typical financial situations

A small number of pensioners are relying on loved ones to help them financially during retirement, and those approaching retirement seem to be in an even worse situation. Yet equally worrying is that people are also far more likely to take financial advice about retirement from friends than from a professional.

The annual State of Retirement report shows that one in 10 pensioners are reliant to some degree on friends and family for financial assistance*. While this suggests the vast majority are able to remain financially independent in retirement, worryingly, those due to retire within the next ten years are almost three times as likely to be in this situation.

Getting more from your money

At the same time, there is a general trend of people turning to their nearest and dearest for advice about their finances rather than professionals. Six in ten existing pensioners took financial advice from non-professional sources – such as friends and family – and three quarters of those approaching retirement plan to do the same. Only a quarter of over 50s have taken, or plan to take, professional advice about their retirement, despite the fact that this could help them get more from their money.

Reforms to the pension system in recent years have increased choice and made it even more important that people are able to access this support. More than four in ten people approaching retirement say the reforms are too difficult to understand without professional help.

Financial advice worth the money

Those who do take regulated advice certainly see the value in it, as over the last two years the number of those approaching or at retirement who felt financial advice was ‘worth the money’ has nearly doubled**.

The research outlines nine common ‘states’ – or typical financial situations – retirees fall into, including the one in ten who are ‘Reliant on Others’. The remaining eight states are:

Property Pensioners (22% of over 65s and likely to increase in future)

These retirees rely on some value from their property to help fund their retirement – primarily through downsizing, relocating or equity release – and, for some, this is their primary asset.

Grey-Collar Workers (8% of over 65s and likely to increase in future)

This segment describes those who choose to carry on working after typical retirement age (65) either through choice or necessity. The good news is that for most, this is a choice, with the majority (87%) of those working at retirement age doing so because they want to.

Overwhelmed (19% of over 65s and future change unclear)

This group relates to those confused by the number of options available to them, undoubtedly influenced by the range of choices opened up by the recent pension freedoms.

Second Homeowners (7% of over 65s and future change unclear)

These people have second properties either as an investment or means of income, allowing them to be able to live comfortably in retirement.

Falling Short (24% of over 65s and likely to increase in future)

These retirees worry that their savings and/or pension won’t last their full retirement or allow them to have a comfortable lifestyle in their later years.

Pension Investors (9% of over 65s and likely to decrease in future)

Having left work, this segment uses some of their new free time to make active decisions about their pension resources and reinvest to continue to grow their reserves.

State Pensioners (43% of over 65s and likely to decrease in future)

This is the most common of the states of retirement, where the state pension provides the majority of retirement income, often supplemented by personal pensions. This segment is also the most likely to worry about having enough money in their retirement years or look to other sources for income, such as part-time work.

Defined and Refined (24% of over 65s and likely to decrease in future)

These people are retired on a healthy defined benefit pension, which provides a fixed income for life, allowing them to have a high standard of living in retirement.

Professional retirement planning advice

Given the increasing complexities we now have to face regarding pensions, and with the economic impact of leaving the European Union still unknown, there’s never been a more important time to obtain professional advice about retirement planning.

Source data:

The State of Retirement research was conducted by Opinium Research from 10–14 March 2016 and 20–22 May 2016. The total sample size was 1,523 UK adults over 50. The research was conducted online, and results have been weighted to nationally representative criteria.

The Nine States of Retirement

FCA behavioural segmentation of UK consumers currently breaks down retirees into two groups – essentially the well-off (Retired with Resources) and those who are struggling (Retired on a Budget). This year, LV=’s State of Retirement research was used to expand on this work by broadening out these segments – an exercise aimed at delivering greater insight and understanding of the typical scenarios that people in the UK find themselves when hitting retirement.

* According to the Pensions Policy Institute, there are 12,312,000 people at retirement age or older. 10% of this is 1.2 million. Of all those retired, 10% relied regularly, from time to time or on rare occasions for financial assistance from friends and family. This figure rose to 28% for those within ten years of retirement.

** In 2014, 12% of over 50s felt that advice was worth paying for. In 2016, this had risen to 20%, nearly twice that of two years prior.

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